Review of Roots and Wings: Equipping and Empowering Young Diaspora Africans for Life and Mission By Rev Israel Olofinjana


Roots and Wings is a new book written by one of my friends and colleague, Dr Harvey Kwiyani. The book explores issues related to how to effectively engage in discipleship and mission second generation African migrants. These are children born in Britain of African parents.  As a pastor of a Black Multicultural Church (BMC) in London with half of the congregation being second generation Africans, this book excites me and is of paramount interest to me.  As an African Theologian researching in the areas of Diaspora Missiology, I am aware that essays, journal articles and book chapters have been written on the subject. An example of the latter is Caleb Nyanni’s chapter contribution in African Voices: Towards African British Theologies (2017). His contribution, based on his ongoing PhD research, investigated the pneumatology of second generation Africans within the Church of Pentecost. I am equally aware of a current doctoral student…

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Lost in Translation – Speaking in Differing Tongues

Being a multicultural church in Namibia – interesting reflections on the need and the challenge by Bishop David Walker.


by the Rt Revd David Walker, Bishop of Manchester


The Anglican Diocese of Namibia has been twinned with that of Manchester for over 20 years. As part of that link, I accepted an invitation to join them for their triennial Synod, taking place in the historic mission centre of Odibo this week. I preached at their Ascension Day Chrism Mass, presided at an early morning Eucharist, and generally tried to listen hard, observe carefully, and lend a hand. The central theme around our devotions and bible studies has been that of forgiveness, healing and reconciliation.

It’s not just a theoretical matter, almost all of the Synod delegates have lived through the war of liberation that freed the country from the apartheid regime imposed on it by South Africa during the period when it was treated as a province of the latter. Odibo mission itself was closed down for almost two…

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Sowing Seeds for Tomorrow

Sermon preached at St Matthew’s Church, Bayswater on Sunday 2nd April, 2017.
The First Sunday after invoking Article 50.


When I preached here last year it was the First Sunday after the EU Referendum. Today is the First Sunday after invoking Article 50. Perhaps we should pencil in a date for the First Sunday after Brexit!

Let’s start with where we are with Article 50 and ask ourselves in what language was the act of parliament to leave the EU signed into law? Norman French has been used to signify royal assent to a law since 1066 when a certain migration event occurred! So the words “La Reyne le veult” meaning “The Queen wills it” were used. Migration is inherent in the identity of the people of this country, inherent in our culture.

Just as this country is multi-cultural through migration, so was the area around the Mediterranean two thousand years ago. This morning I’d like us to explore how African Christianity is central to the story of the mission of God: in Jerusalem and Antioch, and in Angola, London and Mozambique.[1]

The first missionary era

In our gospel reading (Mark 15.15-24) it’s the time of Jesus’ crucifixion. He’s just had a Roman flogging and then been mocked by a whole company of soldiers. Jesus is too badly beaten to be able to carry his own cross, and so a man who was heading into the city was co-opted. Mark records the man’s name was Simon, that he was from Cyrene, and even named his two sons.

Where is Cyrene? Libya, so Simon and his family were North African Jews coming into Jerusalem for the Passover feast.

Who was Mark? Well, we think he was a young man called John Mark who was living in Jerusalem with his family.  This is recorded by Luke in Acts 12. Other historians of the Early Church record that Mark’s parents had lived in Cyrene where he was born and grew up, and they had only been back in Jerusalem for a few years. I guess that means Mark knew Simon and his two sons, and their mother. They were all North African Jews who had lived and worshipped God in the same city.[2]

Mark’s family were followers of Jesus and the disciples gathered in their house. That’s where they met to pray when Peter was arrested (see Acts 12). Mark and his cousin Barnabas (see Colossians 4) were involved in the missionary work of both Paul and Peter. Mark eventually returned to North Africa to sow the seeds of the Church in Alexandria.

Along with Mark, several other Africans are mentioned in the missionary journeys recorded in Acts and in the NT letters. Our first reading is another story of migration; this time due to the followers of Jesus being persecuted. We’re well north of Jerusalem in Antioch, which was then in Syria and is now in Turkey. And we find African and Cypriot believers in Jesus sharing the good news with Greeks. Their evangelism initiated the translation of the story of Jesus from Jewish culture into Greek culture. The Messiah of the Jews became the Word of the Greeks.

Luke records that African Christian teachers, such as Simeon and Lucius from Cyrene, were part of the missionary team who crossed this cultural boundary with the gospel (see Acts 13.1).

The second missionary era

Many years later, the people of Central and Southern Africa got to hear the story of Jesus through missionaries. In respect of Mozambique and Angola …

In 1861, the Scottish missionary explorer David Livingstone brought to Nyasaland Bishop Charles McKenzie and a team of Anglican missionaries from the Universities Mission to Central Africa. They planted the seeds for what grew into the Anglican Churches in Malawi and Niassa in Northern Mozambique.

In 1910, a young man from Toxteth in Liverpool was inspired by the Edinburgh Missionary Conference to become a missionary in Africa. His name was Archibald Patterson. This led to him leading a Mission to the North of Angola. He sowed the seeds for what in 1990 became the Anglican Church in Angola as part of the Diocese of Lebombo in Southern Mozambique.

The third missionary era

Around this time, the Anglican Communion encouraged the Diocese of London to partner with the Anglican Churches of Angola and Mozambique, and this seed led to the ALMA Partnership being formed in 1998. The partnership will be 20 next year.

One of the many seeds Archibald Patterson had planted in Angola some fifty years ago was the baptism of a young boy called André. Years later, he was elected Missionary Bishop of Angola and as Bishop André Soares has led the Anglican Church in planting new congregations in missionary areas across Angola. The church is now large enough to need to consider whether to multiply into two dioceses.

Yesterday, a Mozambican called Vicente Msossa became Bishop of Niassa, and we expect a new missionary diocese to be planted in Northern Mozambique later this year.

Migration continues to be part of life. Here in London, we welcome the presence of sisters and brothers from other countries. African, Caribbean, South American and Asian Christians are helping to revitalise the church in this city and in other Western cities. Here we have Angolans and Mozambicans living amongst us. Our partnership needs to be experienced as being one in Christ here in London just as much as our sisters and brothers in Africa sense our solidarity in the gospel.

In Mozambique, the national refugee camp is home to 16,000 people from Burundi, Rwanda, Congo and Uganda. The government has asked for an Anglican church and school in the camp; to lead this new church, Bishop Manuel has appointed a woman priest supported by catechists living in the camp who are from Congo and Burundi.

Mission today is from everywhere to everywhere just as it was in the Early Church.

Providing help for each other

The Church in Antioch heard that life was going to get tough, and in their generosity they responded by collecting gifts to help their fellow Christians in Judea. Luke tells us this was according to each person’s means. He also makes it clear there was accountability in the giving, for Barnabas and Paul were put in charge of delivering the money to the elders in Jerusalem. The elders would then make sure it reached the needy, since they had from the start of meeting together adopted the principle of distributing according to each person’s needs.[3]

So it is for us. Bishop Richard asked that this year’s diocesan Lent appeal be for ALMA. The economic situation in both Angola and Mozambique is dire due to oil prices falling and currencies being devalued. Our partners said what they really needed was help with the costs of educational projects to help them continue to grow the Kingdom of God by investing in people.

I wonder if you know the Indian proverb, “All the flowers of all the tomorrows are in the seeds of today”. Sowing Seeds for Tomorrow is the theme of the Diocesan Lent Appeal this year. Seeds can have some amazing flowers packed in them, which emerge bit by bit.

We have explored this morning how the Kingdom of God has grown through African Christianity, and in the video we have seen amazing projects chosen by Churches wanting to transform the lives of the communities they serve.

The mission priority for the Diocese of Angola is primary schools, they have plans to enlarge and build schools in specific places. Do you know what proportion of primary pupils attend Church of England primary schools? 25%. One quarter of primary school children. That’s about the same proportion of primary age children in the whole of Angola who don’t have a place in a primary school.

For the Diocese of Lebombo in Southern Mozambique, their priority is a seminary where both women and men can train to become priests. In the Diocese of Niassa in Northern Mozambique, they really need a training centre for the huge Lurio region.

Thank you for deciding to join in Sowing Seeds for Tomorrow. Our diocesan partnership is a commitment to mutual support and, as with the collection in Antioch, we ensure funds are used for the specific purposes they were given for.

This morning, we have explored how African Christianity is central to the story of the mission of God: in Jerusalem and Antioch through the ministry of North African Jewish followers of Jesus, and in Angola, London and Mozambique today through the Holy Spirit empowering the followers of Jesus to build God’s kingdom of love.

Do talk to me afterwards if you’d like to know more about the ALMA Partnership.

Lent Appeal Prayer

Lord God in times of great uncertainty when the future seems bleak and fragile, inspire us to hope. Give us the courage to plan creatively for tomorrow that we may boldly proclaim your gospel so your kingdom may come on earth as it is in heaven. Bless the church in Angola, London and Mozambique as together this Lent we sow seeds for tomorrow. Amen.


[1] For inspiration on African Christianity I am indebted to Harvey Kwiyani and his book Sent Forth: African Missionary Work in the West, (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 2014).

[2] See Severus of Al’Ashmunein, History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic Church of Alexandria: Saint Mark to Theonas (300AD)¸ (Paris: P.FAGES) and Eusebius, Eusebius: The Church History, ed. Paul L. Meier, (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 2007).  

[3] See Acts 2.45 and Acts 4.34-35.

Handing on the mitre


With the Church of England if you do something once it’s a dangerous innovation, if you do it twice its a precious tradition! So when the Archbishop of York handed a beautiful mitre to the newly consecrated Bishop Karowei Dorgu at the end of the service in Southwark Cathedral on Friday was he being wildly innovative or simply responding to a tradition?

Dorgu Bishop Wilfred Wood and Archbishop Sentamu place the mitre on Bishop Karowei

It was a bit of both to be honest. The mitre in question had been given to Bishop Wilfred Wood, a former Bishop of Croydon, now retired.  When he was due to retire he passed this mitre, beautifully embroidered by the sisters of the long gone St Peter’s Convent in Woking, encrusted with precious stones, to Bishop John Sentamu.  Bishop Wilfred was the first black bishop in the Church of England; Bishop, now Archbishop, Sentamu was the…

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The public discourse

Nick Baines's Blog

This is the text of this morning’s Presidential Address at the Leeds Diocesan Synod:

The fifth of November. The day we remember how we used to burn Roman Catholics in this country.

Last Monday I preached in the church where Martin Luther became and served as a monk. The Augustinerkloster in Erfurt looks today much like it did when Luther prostrated himself before the altar and took his vows. I was there with a group from this diocese, having been invited to preach on the 499th anniversary of Luther (allegedly) nailing his 95 Theses to the door of the Schloßkirche in Wittenberg. Last Monday kicked off the year of celebration and commemoration of the Reformation and will conclude on 31 October 2017.

The Reformation divided Europe and changed the world for ever. Yet, when the German monk decided to challenge what he saw as ecclesiastical perversions of the gospel and…

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Reflections from the Calais ‘Jungle’

jessicafoster3's Blog

This weekend I have felt heartsick. I have been (even more) addicted to my phone – watching and reading every bulletin that comes out of the Calais camp. Just a week ago we were there – only for two hours, but in that short time we saw humanity writ large and I feel like I left part of myself in the makeshift town of thwarted aspiration, resilience, community and conflict.

The three of us that literally popped over to Calais on a Sunday afternoon were asked to reflect on our visit for the Church of England Blog – I was reluctant given how many other people have a far more profound connection but we gave it a go. On the day we dropped off our suitcases and rucksacks the particular warehouse we visited had already had 30 loads of aid dropped off. We met people who have donated a year…

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